Gipfel in Kuba: G77 fordern mehr Teilhabe an Technologie und Wissenschaft
The G77 group of developing and emerging countries has requested greater involvement in progress from the industrialized nations during their summit in the Cuban capital, Havana.Technologie und Wissenschaft
An example of unequal treatment is the distribution of vaccines in the Corona pandemic, it was said. All vaccines except the Cuban one have been developed outside the G77. In addition, vaccination has been much more frequent in wealthy countries. Cuba had already stated on Friday that, according to UN data, 90 percent of patents and 70 percent of exports of advanced production technologies come from only ten countries.
Schwellenländern sind vielfältig und komplex. Sie umfassen unter anderem hohe Arbeitslosigkeit, unzureichende Infrastruktur, schwache Währungen und hohe Verschuldung. Diese Probleme wirken sich negativ auf das Wirtschaftswachstum und die Lebensbedingungen der Bevölkerung aus. Es ist wichtig, dass Regierungen und internationale Organisationen Maßnahmen ergreifen, um diese Probleme anzugehen und nachhaltige Entwicklung in diesen Ländern zu fördern.SchwellenländernThe statement further states that the G77 countries have reached a peak due to various crises. The G77 countries cite geopolitical tensions, rising inflation, financial crises, the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the loss of biodiversity as the causes. The summit participants criticized the lack of a roadmap to address any of these global crises.
Neuausrichtung des globalen Finanzwesens
The group advocated for a realignment of the global financial system. „We emphasize the urgent need for a comprehensive reform of the international financial architecture and a more inclusive and coordinated approach to global financial policy, with a greater emphasis on cooperation between countries, including through stronger representation of developing countries in global decision-making and policy bodies,“ stated the closing declaration.
The Brazilian President, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, urged the industrialized nations to increase their investments in climate protection measures. He stated at the summit that „we must insist on the implementation of commitments that the wealthy countries have never fulfilled.“
The industrialized countries have pledged to provide $100 billion (approximately €93 billion) per year for climate protection in developing countries. However, the payment target has so far been missed. Lula said that developing and emerging countries are also willing to engage in combating climate change. „We will do so without forgetting that we do not bear the same historical responsibility for global warming as the wealthy countries.“
The G77 is a group of 134 developing countries within the United Nations, founded in 1964. It is the largest group within the United Nations in terms of population and membership. They requested a special session of the UN to address the mentioned issues.